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【7月22日报告】Exploring Conventional and Nonconventional Yeasts for Producing Bioplastic and Pharmaceutical Precursors via Shikimate Pathway
  发布时间:2016-07-19    供稿部门:

  报告题目:Exploring Conventional and Nonconventional Yeasts for Producing Bioplastic and Pharmaceutical Precursors via Shikimate Pathway

  报 告 人:邵增怡博士 Iowa State University.

  报告时间:7月22日(周五) 14:00-15:30

  报告地点:天津工业生物所C408会议室

  报告人简介:Zengyi Shao received her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Illinois in 2009 and B. S. in Biochemistry from Nankai University in 2002. She joined Iowa State University as an assistant professor in 2013. Her research group mainly focuses on designing various microbes and their consortia to address critical issues in energy sustainability, chemical production and natural product synthesis. She is the awardee of the 2010 National Academies Keck Futures Initiative Award and the 2016 Iowa Energy Center Impact Award.

  报告摘要:Shikimate pathway serves an essential metabolic role in all living organisms. Not only are the three aromatic amino acids synthesized through this pathway, but also many bioactive alkaloid and flavonoid types of secondary metabolites are derived from here. In addition to the ability to express membrane-bound cytochrome P450 enzymes, yeast is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for producing compounds used as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical ingredients. On the other hand, the synthesis of muconic acid, the precursor of nylon 6,6 and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), was also established recently in yeast as a branch-out pathway from shikimate biosynthesis to replace the environmentally harmful petrochemical synthetic processes. However, the intrinsically complicated genetic and metabolic regulations involved in yeast central carbon metabolism prohibit the production of high-value compounds derived from this treasure at levels of commercial interest. Here we report our recent progress on establishing yeast platforms to produce shikimate and shikimate-derived bioplastic and pharmaceutical precursors through three aspects:(1) developing a seamless integration with electrochemical hydrogenation at ambient temperature and pressure, which allows the creation of a novel nylon 6,6 replacement polymer with tunable properties; (2) deciphering the bottlenecks of shikimate biosynthesis in both conventional and nonconventional yeast species and achieving the highest production among all the compounds derived from this pathway using yeast platforms; (3) establishing platform technologies to enable rapid functional modifications of a series of high-potential nonconventional yeast species. Our work represents the new explorations in expanding the current collection of microbial factories and bridging the gap between biological and chemical catalysis to nurture a sustainable biorenewable chemical industry。

 

  

  

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